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Food
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Why You Need To Feed Your Pet According To Its Age?
Why You Need To Feed Your Pet According To Its Age Group? As pet owners, we’ve definitely come across situations when you’re shopping at the pet store for your furry friend’s food and on the packaging, you see things like “for puppies”, “adults”. You catch yourself wondering if there really is any difference between these pet foods. And looking at the price difference, you might be tempted to even get the food that isn’t ideal for your pet. Let’s find out if there is actually a difference between these foods and why you should actually feed your pets accordingly!     What age group is your pet under? The preliminary step you should try to take is to know the age group your pet is under. Check out the age ranges of felines and canines:   For cats, your cat is classified as a senior once it reaches 11 years of age. It is, however, not that simple for dogs as it depends on breeds.   Why should we differentiate according to age? There are several reasons you should differentiate the food given to your pets according to its age. These include: Age differences Much like humans, dogs and cats have different needs throughout their lives. Because they require different nutrients, its important to ensure that they have the right diet. Dietary requirements Food is created for different age groups to meet their main dietary needs tackled for their age group.   Food differences There are different types of food that must be given to cats in different quantities.   How different is the food according to age group? Before you get started feeding your pet, it’s important that you first understand the needs, possible health conditions to look out for, and the things/ ingredients to avoid. Puppy/kitten stage At the puppyhood or kittenhood stage, your pet will have higher metabolism due to their young age. High metabolism refers to the faster rate at which food and energy are processed. Energy requirements during the first 4 months are double that of adult dogs and cats. The puppy/kitten stage is an active stage when young burn out energy very fast.   What does your pet needs at the puppy/kitten stage? • Higher calories• Higher protein• Higher fat content• DHA• Calcium and Phosphorus• Need to build bones, muscles, and eyesights Note: At this stage, it’s better that you feed your pet protein-rich food.   FAQ: Can I feed adult food to my puppy? Many first time owners, confused by the array of choices available, might not understand the difference between puppy food and adult dog food, and may be tempted to feed adult food instead. Some of us already have an adult dog at home and we might see it as an inconvenience to get another pack of food just for puppies. In this case, is it advisable to feed adult dog food to your puppy? You are, in fact, advised not to feed your puppies adult food. Adult dog food has a lower protein, calorie and DHA content than what is required by a growing puppy. Feeding your puppy adult dog food could actually cause your puppy to have developmental problems! So, you should feed puppy food to puppies and feed adult food to adult dogs.   Junior pet stage At the Junior pet stage, you may need to feed your pet Junior food- an intermediary food to be fed to your kitten or puppy in the later stages of puppyhood/kittenhood, which is meant to help pets transition into adulthood.   Adulthood The way adult dog food is formulated is very different from puppy food. These differences are important for the long-term health of your pet. When your pet reaches adulthood, there is a change in their dietary needs, with specific levels of protein, calories and other nutrients to maintain the proper weight and energy levels so as to preserve their health.   Adult Food VS Puppy or Kitten Food • Adult dogs and cats need lower protein content from their calories• Because they have lower metabolism, adults may gain weight easily if fed the same food as kittens and puppies.• Adult dogs and cats should avoid consuming high-calorie density food. Note: At this stage, feeding the right amount of food is very important, and maintaining weight is a key point for adulthood. This is because it can lead to obesity and cardiac conditions if not managed properly.   Senior stage At the senior stage, your pet requires a lower level of protein, fat but higher level of carbohydrate in its diet to manage its weight. Weight management is even more important at this stage as your pet will be less active and less likely to move around due to age-induced joint conditions such as arthritis. To help with joint conditions, senior pet food often contains glucosamine, which helps alleviate joint pain. At this stage, it is also very important to factor in health issues your pet has when determining your pet’s diet. As pets get older, they often develop more health conditions such as renal issues. It is, therefore, important that you make appropriate changes to the diet according to their pre-existing health conditions. For example, if your senior dog has renal failure, you can feed them Monge Vet Solution Renal & Oxalate Dog Wet Food.   Check out some of our products you can feed your pet according to its age!  
Beginner
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Meet The Breeds: Sphynx Cat
Meet The Breeds: Sphynx cats Sphynx cats are known to be unique breeds of cats. They are well-known for their nude-like appearance. Did you know that they are also distinctively intelligent, charming, and affectionate felines? You might be surprised to find out there’s more about this breed of cat than you know! Let’s find out more about the Sphynx cat.   Where did Sphynx Cats Originate from? The Sphynx cat was discovered in 1996 (fairly recently). And unlike what many of us think, the Sphynx cat originates from Canada, not Egypt. The Sphynx cat was produced as a result of genetic mutation. In today’s context, Sphynx cats often come from crossbreeding of Devon Rex cats with different hairless cat breeds in other parts of the world. Interestingly enough, the Sphynx cat is not the only breed of hairless cat around, but it is the first hairless cat breed bred precisely for its hairless trait.   Why do Sphynx cats look different from other cats? It’s easy to identify a Sphynx cat from other cats thanks to their unique appearance. Some have also said Sphynx cats look like raw chicken. And by “somebody”, we actually mean Rachel from Friends.   Are Sphynx cats really hairless? Contrary to what many of us might think, the Sphynx isn’t actually completely “hairless”. Even though the appearance of sphynx cats makes them look as if they are hairless, they are actually covered with a fine layer of downy fuzz. Like many things in life, the Sphynx cats are unique! No two Sphynx cats are 100% identical. In fact, every Sphynx has a different level of hairlessness. This extent of hairlessness largely occurs as a result of a recessive gene.   Do Sphynx cats feel cold? With their almost nude-like appearance, you might think that the Sphynx cats are constantly feeling cold. Surprise! Sphynx cats actually feel warmer than other cats. The body temperature of Sphynx cats is actually 4 degrees warmer than the usual “furry” cats. This is the greatest example of how mother nature works in wonderful ways, as the higher body temperature of Sphynx cats is to, in fact, make up for its lack of fur.   Are Sphynx cats hypoallergenic? With the absence of fur, many misunderstand that these cats might not cause any allergy at all. This is completely untrue, due to two main misconceptions. Firstly, many think that Sphynx cats are completely hairless, which is untrue. Another key misconception is that fur is the main cause of allergy, when in fact it is Fel d1, the allergenic protein in cat saliva and skin secretions that causes allergies. Hence, Sphynx cats are in fact, not hypoallergenic.   What do Sphynx cats eat?  Due to higher body temperature, they have higher metabolism rates, need to eat more and more frequently. If you’re an owner of a Sphynx cat, you should ensure that you provide them with the right amount of nutrients to keep up with their higher metabolism rates! How long do Sphynx cats live? The average lifespan of the sphynx cats ranges from 9 to 15 years. The oldest Sphynx cat known to have lived was a Sphynx in Texas by the name of Grandpa Rex. Grandpa Rex passed away at the age of 34 in 1964. Can Sphynx cats swim? While Sphynx cats like being in water, they prefer relaxing in it than playing in it. The therapeutic effect of water helps them to rest and rejuvenate, especially when they have sensitive skin. Are Sphynx cats friendly? Yes, Sphynx cats are friendly. In fact, they are one of the friendliest felines known to man. Their lack of thick fur makes them behave cuddly towards humans because they enjoy the warmth from their human friends. Do Sphynx cats like children? While they don’t exactly have a furry and cuddly appearance, the Sphynx cats are actually very good with children. They have a docile personality and are seen to be a warm and cuddly cat breed. Are Sphynx cats legal in Singapore? Yes, Sphynx cats are legal. However, they are not very easily found in Singapore. The hot and sunny weather in Singapore suggests more meticulous care to protect the cat’s skin, especially when there’s no pet sunscreen available. Are Sphynx cats HDB approved? Unfortunately, in Singapore, all cats are not allowed in HDBs. How much does it cost to buy a Sphynx cat? If you’re interested in buying a Sphynx cat, there are a small amount of Sphynx cats available. The Sphynx cat actually comes at a higher price, due to the limited number of Sphynx cats available. What extra care is needed for Sphynx cats? Since the skin of Sphynx cats is sensitive due to a lack of layer of protection, they will definitely need extra care. Besides, they are not covered with dense coats like other cats, so they get sunburnt or cold as a result. So, what are some care tips for Sphynx cats on sensitive skin? Keep them warm with cat apparel: Clothes for these little creatures are more functional than fashionable. You can get some from perromart to keep your unique feline warm when it’s cold outside or in the house. Supervise your cat in the sun: Fun in the sun? This doesn’t apply to Sphynx cats! Limit your cat’s exposure to the sun to protect them from the harmful UV rays. When they’re allowed in the sun, you should ensure that they’re under your supervision. You can also get lon-sleeved sun-protective clothes. Install a play tent for your cat outdoors (UV protection included to prevent harm to the skin): You can also make a play tent with UV protection for your Sphynx cats for outdoor activities to avoid their skin from being endangered. Cat shoes to shield cats from hot floors: Sphynx cats are indoor cats, but they can also go outside. However, it would be best if you take the precaution of putting cat shoes on them to avoid sunburns.   How often do Sphynx cats have to get groomed? Due to their higher susceptibility to skin conditions, you should bathe and groom your Sphynx cats more often than other cats do. It’s advised to give them a bath every week. There are some cleaning products that might help alleviate their skin sensitivity available on perromart. What are some common health conditions for Sphynx cats? Some of the common health conditions for Sphynx cats include: Skin problems: Excess oils on Sphynx cats can lead to skin problems such as rashes (urticaria pigmentosa) and cutaneous mastocytosis, as well as issues with ear wax, and skin infections. Body temperature regulation issues: Due to their lack of fur, Sphynx cats tend to get chilled easily. Ear infections: Dirt in your Sphynx ears, and excess wax can lead to ear infections. Ensure you stay away from cotton swabs when you’re cleaning Sphynx cat’s ears, as they can damage your cat’s eardrums. Periodontal diseases: Sphynx cats are also susceptible to dental issues, and that’s why they need regular dental cleanings. Some of the symptoms of these diseases include bad breath, tooth discoloration or tartar, difficulty eating, drooling, pawing at the teeth, or red, swollen, or bleeding gums. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Sphynx Cats are susceptible to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a condition in which the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick. This condition usually develops as your cat grows older. How to prevent these health conditions? You can protect your Sphynx cats from the aforementioned health conditions with some basic care tips. Bring them for regular health checkups Feed them with better food (control cat’s oil secretion) Give them intermittent baths during the week to help with their sensitive skin Provide them with Cat apparel to keep them warm and protect their skin Avoid using cotton buds that can damage their eardrums
Beginner
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Which Dog Breed Should I Get?
Ever wondered which dog breed suits you the best? Anyone who owns a dog knows how wonderful these animals really are. They make great additions to any home whether you are looking for a guard dog, a playmate, or simply a companion. Along with the myriad of joys that a dog brings to one’s home, there is responsibility. The decision of bringing a dog home must be well considered, as it really is a lifelong commitment. To make the process easier, we have compiled a general list of considerations that should be taken into account before deciding upon the breed you want to get.   What dog should I get?   1. Size This is an incredibly important aspect to look into while deciding upon the breed. The size of the dog you eventually get will largely depend on the type of residence you live in. Apartment residents will need to abide by the list of HDB Approved dogs; the official list is available on the Housing and Development Board website. The breeds listed are typically smaller and have a lesser requirement for space. Dogs that are larger (for example, a Labrador Retriever) will have greater energy expenditure and require more space to be healthy. However, larger dogs can also be kept in apartments with suitable care and exercise (for example, taking the dog out regularly for long walks).     2. Energy Level Of The Dog It is immensely important that the dog’s energy level is compatible with that of its owner. The owner needs to be cognizant of its pet’s energy and find suitable ways to channel it appropriately. For example, Alaskan Malamutes have high energy levels and will need to be exercised regularly. If you lead an active lifestyle, high energy breeds are a great choice. However, if your lifestyle is greatly sedentary or you don’t have enough time to walk your dog, consider getting a low energy breed (for example, a French Bulldog). It is essential to ensure that your dog receives sufficient exercise to expend its built-up energy. Unused energy may be converted into aggression, general inertia or restlessness (chewing on objects left around, barking, prancing around the household). Just as exercise forms a pivotal part of human health, dogs require exercise to ward off diseases such as heart disease and obesity.      3. Temperament Of The Breed Behavioral traits of a breed are an important factor to take into consideration before you bring a dog home. If children are present at home, consider getting a breed that is relatively more docile and companionable. Popular choices for child-friendly breeds include the Golden Retriever and Bulldogs. These dogs are not only immensely loyal, but are also highly intelligent and sensitive. They are easy to train which makes them great dogs to play with children. Their docile and loving nature not only makes them perfect fits for kids, but they also make wonderful companions for adults. Clock ten miles on the beach or hop into a swimming pool on a sweltering summer day; these furkids are ready for it all! If you lead an athletic lifestyle, energetic breeds like the Border Collie or Weimaraner make great jogging companions. Since these breeds have notably high endurance and stamina, they don’t tire out easily. If you are more interested in owning a dog for the purpose of security, German Shepherds and Dobermans are particularly renowned for their strong sense of territory. Any trespassing will trigger a series of barks from these breeds, alerting you instantly. There are several other parameters that will influence the temperament of a breed, such as gender and parental history. Research has shown that male dogs are likely to be slightly more ebullient, territorial and playful compared to their female counterparts. The temperament of your dog’s parents is also a strong indication of behavioral traits that your pet is likely to exhibit. It is always a good idea to ask about the history of the parents to gain foresight about your pet’s temperament in the future.     4. Maintenance Some breeds are prone to shedding more hair than others, such as the Shetland Sheepdog. Maintenance for these dogs will involve cleaning the house regularly to ward off the growth of any unwanted microbes. Breeds with thicker coats such as the Irish Setter, will require frequent grooming to prevent tangles and knots setting in the hair. If you anticipate that you may not have sufficient time to devote to the maintenance of your pet, opt for breeds like the Beagle and Jack Russell Terrier, which have comparatively lesser grooming requirements, for they have shorter fur coats. Whichever breed you ultimately choose, remember that all dogs are created equal. Owning a dog is an incredibly rewarding experience and you can expect to make relationships that will last forever.
Beginner
308 views
What To Do When My Cat Stops Eating?
Occasionally you may find that your cat seems fussier about its food, only choosing to sample its food before walking away. Perhaps your cat could show signs of refusing to eat whenever you try to set your feline down. Being familiar with your cat’s habits will help you recognize any behavioural changes and you can work out why it may be unwilling or unable to eat as it did before. Here are some reasons why your cat is refusing food.   Why Is My Cat Not Eating?   1. Changes In Routine Or Environment Cats are very sensitive to changes in routine and atmosphere. It may be something as simple as your having introduced a new cat to your household, as this could arouse feelings of insecurity. A change in the arrangement of furniture could also unsettle your cat. 2. Emotional Problem Have you been on holiday recently and left your cat with a cat kennel and someone else to look after him daily? A disinterest in food might be due to a simple case of depression. Such minor issues will not present much of a headache for you as they can be dealt with easily. Offering a little healthy treat to tempt your cat or putting a little bit of meat jelly onto its gums just might persuade it to have a little something to eat. You could also try offering a taste of something your cat really does like, to see whether it’s turning its nose up at what’s being offered, or if there are other reasons for its reluctance to eat. 3. Food Transition With cats accustomed to receiving carbohydrate-rich food, a switch to a more health conscious diet could be the reason for its disinterest in food. A refusal of food may be a cat’s attempt to show its displeasure in being denied its desires. Your cat may be under the mistaken impression that if it waits long enough you may relent and give in. However, you should also note that putting an overweight cat on a crash diet of low-carbohydrate food can result in your cat refusing to eat for more than two days. In such circumstances, a prolonged period of rejecting nourishment is likely to result in liver problems as your cat draws on his fat reserves and doesn’t take in the protein which he needs. In other circumstances, should your cat persist in not eating for more than a day or two, it could hint at an underlying health problem. In such situations, a consultation with your veterinarian is advised. 4. Health Problem Your cat might have a problem with its teeth or jaws which make eating painful or difficult, as would any problems associated with its digestive system. It could be suffering from inflamed gums or a broken tooth, a cut in its mouth, or an abscess in its jaws arising from a deep scratch. Your feline could also be experiencing discomfort in its stomach or have an intestinal condition which will reduce its appetite. Your veterinarian will advise on the best course of treatment in these scenarios. However, keeping an eye on your cat and its behaviour will help you deal with any problems before they get worse or chronic, and both you and your vet can make sure it has a full and happy life.   What Is The Food That Cats Love The Most? Cats, in general, prefer food with a strong smell and soft texture. They prefer the food at either room temperature or slightly warm. How Can I Get My Cat To Eat?   If your cat will not eat, interact with them and let them come to you for attention. If the problem is stress-related, this one-on-one with them may help. If he still won’t eat after a couple of days, consult your vet on what other options there are. If your cat appears to be stressed out by a possible visit to the vet, consider engaging one who will make house halls. If your cat loves playing in the outdoors, it could be that they’ve been stuffing themselves on what nature provided for them and they really don’t need another meal. They might also have been fed by someone else — be sure to add a tag to your cat’s collar so that strangers know that they are not strays. Also, if your cat has any problems with their teeth or gums then this will also put them off their food. It is therefore imperative that you deal with the root issue of your oral care by using long term solutions like sprinkling granules onto their foods to help prevent plaques, or to impose a strict teeth cleaning regime. Be sure to check if their bowls are clean. Cat dishes should be washed at least once a day for dry foods and after every serving for wet foods. Leftover foods allow bacteria to grow which can be harmful to cats, and be doubly sure not to place their food near their litter trays — as the saying goes, ‘don’t eat where you poop’! If you have been feeding your cat dry food, try changing it more frequently especially in a humid environment as dry food, will absorb water, making it soft and potentially off-putting for your cat. In addition to changing their existing dry foods, try adding a bit of wet food to their diet to mix it up! Cats like a bit of variety, and they can be bored with the taste and texture of crunchy dry foods. If you are not using dry food but wet food straight from the fridge, consider warming the food before serving them to your cat. Cats are like humans, in that their sense of taste is closely linked to their sense of smell — if they can’t smell their food, they can’t taste it. Cold foods will not smell as much as they do in room or warmer temperatures, so a quick pop in the microwave should get those feline whiskers twitching! And if they are still not attracted by the wet foods, try adding a few biscuits on top to vary the texture. Syringe feed and feeding tubes are viable options if your cats are still not eating, but only use this as a last resort!   What Can I Feed A Sick Cat? In order to recover, encourage your sick feline friend to eat small, frequent meals with high energy, palatable and highly digestible food. Hand-feeding is highly recommended. Meanwhile, fresh water should be available at all times as well. Your veterinarian may suggest giving fluids or liquid food via a syringe if your cat can’t eat on his own.   How Long A Cat Can Live Without Food? In general, cats can potentially survive for weeks without eating, but that heavily depends on their water intake and overall health. If your cat fails to eat for more than 1 day, it is highly recommended to bring him to the vet clinic, according to PetMD.   How Much Water Does A Cat Need To Drink A Day? Water is far more essential for a cat’s survival. According to Catological, cats generally can’t survive without water for more than 3 – 4 days before organ failure occurs. Dr. Jenna Ashton explains that the daily water requirement of a cat is roughly a cup per 10 pounds of body weight.   How Do I Get My Cat To Drink? One option is to feed wet food to your cat or to simply add wet food to dry kibble. If wet food isn’t the option, get him a drinking fountain as the flowing water in the fountain can encourage increased water intake.   How Long Can A Cat Be Left Alone? An adult cat should be fine to be left alone for 2 days as long as fresh water and a sufficient amount of food are accessible at all times. However, it still depends on other factors, including the safety of the environment and the overall health of your cat. Japanese article: 【猫の食欲不振】ご飯を食べない猫の原因と食べさせ方
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Clean
5 Tips to Spring Clean for Your Pets!
You need to begin spring cleaning now that spring has sprung! Pet owners can do more than clean their homes from top to bottom during spring cleaning. We can also take a moment to consider refreshing things for our furry friends. It applies to everything. This includes their bowls, beds, and collars. A healthy spring cleaning makes our pets happier and healthier as they have such keen senses of smell.     Here is a list of ways you can clean your home. It’s time to shed some old stuff and make room for the new.     1. Clean Food Storage   Organizing your pet’s shelves as part of spring cleaning is a great idea. Replacing that old kibble that’s been lying around for years is the right thing to do. Discard treats that have exceeded their use-by date. Now is the time to replace them and restock.   Don’t forget to scrub your pet’s container if you’re cleaning out the refrigerator. Leftover food or crumbs are a breeding ground for bacteria and pose a health risk. Make sure to keep pet food and treats in an airtight container. If you don’t have them, you should get them to keep food fresh for a more extended period.   Product Recommendation:  Stefanplast Storage Food Container (Silver) Stefanplast Pet Food Container 15L (2 Colors)     2. Give your pet a bath   Baths are a favorite activity for many dogs. Cats do love it too, but not nearly as much as dogs do. When you’ve spent the past few months stuck in the bathtub, this might be a welcome relief.   Unless your dog’s coat is excessively greasy, you should bathe him once a month. If that’s not the case, you can bathe him more often, but with a pet or baby shampoo. A dog’s skin can become dry from bathing too often and cause other problems. Since cats can clean themselves well with their tongue and teeth, they don’t usually need to be bathed. However, if they have a messy litter box, a bath may be needed. Cleaning cats usually only requires brushing.   This is the ideal time if you haven’t pampered your dog throughout the year. Your pet’s fur between his paws is essential to watch out for. If it is long, it can be dangerous if he tries to stop suddenly. So, remember to give it a trim!    Product Recommendation  Earthbath Shed Control Green Tea & Awapuhi Shampoo For Pets Chitocure Hypo-Allergenic Shampoo for Pets   3. Change their bedding   Throw all pet bedding, clothing, towels, etc., into the washer before starting your cleaning job. Disinfect the materials you’re washing with the hottest possible water, and for extra odor suppression, add a cup of vinegar to the fabric softener bin instead of fabric softener. Following these steps will ensure a thorough clean:   Clean the rug with a lint brush or vacuum before washing to remove visible hair. Make sure you do this each week if your pet sheds a lot for a hair-free house.   Dry it at a low temperature for 10 minutes to soften bedding and loosen stuck hair.   Check the label before washing with hot water to help kill germs and pathogens. If you are facing trouble eliminating odors, combine mild, perfume-free detergent with 1/2 cup vinegar or 1/2 cup baking soda.   Use a pet-safe dryer sheet to pull off more hair and reduce static electricity. Dry on the heat recommended by the label (the hotter, the better for killing germs).   Think about purchasing multiple bedding sets to avoid having to wash your bedding regularly.   Product Recommendation Trixie Cat Cuddly Cave for Cats Paw Made Ultra Fluff Furry Bed in Powder     4. Keep their spaces clean   You can use baking soda to absorb pet odors from carpet and other surfaces. Add some drops of essential oil to a salt shaker filled with baking soda and mix thoroughly.   Put it on your pet’s bed and let it sit for 10 to 20 minutes. Make sure to use the hose attachments to reach every corner and crevice of the house! If you buy a bed that has an easily removable and washable cover, you only have to deodorize the filling.   Make sure to clean the litter box too! Get your gloves on first. You’ve got to clean that litter box! Remove old litter, wash your pet’s litter boxes, and add fresh litter. Don’t forget to clean the lid and scooper. Be sure the box is completely dry before adding new litter.   Product Recommendation Nature’s Miracle Advanced Stain and Odor Eliminator for Cats 32oz Stefanplast Pee Tray with Turret     5. Clean their toys   Whenever your pet’s favorite toy starts to smell, replace it with new ones or wash them thoroughly! Do not use bleach or borax, and do not use scented dryer sheets. Use an all-natural, unscented detergent, and check for loose parts before returning the jug to its owner. Fabric-based items, such as collars, clothes, blankets, and blankets, are actually to blame for the dreaded “dog stench,” rather than dogs themselves.   Follow the washing instructions on each tag. If there is no tag, don’t worry! Rinsing your pet with pet-safe soap can help. If you want to be perfectly safe, let the toys air dry after washing, even with squeakers and crinkles.   Product Recommendation F10 Super Concentrate Disinfectant for Pets     We hope this cleaning list has inspired your spring cleaning! To remove dust, dander, and allergens build up in the air, make sure you replace your air filter once your house is “spring” cleaned. Eliminating these substances will keep your house smelling fresh.   There’s never a wrong time to do some cleaning. By the time the lunar new year rolls around, you can drive the bad luck away and start fresh!
Health
How to get rid of fleas
Flea control and prevention   External parasites create a big impact on both pets and their pet-parent because they cause cutaneous lesions, transmit diseases, transmit zoonotic (animal to human transmission) infections, and may interfere with human-pet bond.    The most common flea species found on dogs and cats are Ctenocephalides felis. Fleas are wingless, laterally flattened, blood-sucking insects with robust hindlegs enabling them to jump.    Once emerged from the pupa, adult male and female fleas start to actively seek a host although in the absence of a host they can survive for a few days. After the first blood meal, they need daily blood meals for survival and usually remain on the same host for the remainder of their life. Female fleas can produce 20~50 eggs per day. Once laid pearly white eggs fall off into the environment and will hatch into a larva after a few days under ideal environmental conditions.     Fleas that are well adapted to indoor environments may live outside their host for a certain period of time. Fleas have low host specificity and have been found on a variety of pets such as rabbits and ferrets as well as wild mammals. Fleas are known to transmit/cause major diseases to our pets, such as diphylidiosis, bartonellosis, and flea allergy dermatitis.    The bites can cause intense itching, irritation and a hypersensitive animal will often require veterinary assistance. Other implications of flea infestation are secondary bacterial and fungal infection, heavy blood-sucking arthropods can cause anemia, and can infect pets’ owners as well.    Fleas eradication requires treatment of pets, and their environment. The success of control will depend on how these treatments are performed.    Prevention and treatment   Many products are available to control the infestation of fleas on your pets. From treatments given orally (chewables), topical solution (spot-on or spray), shampoo, and collar. Be sure to consult with your veterinarian first before application. Some treatments are age-sensitive meaning treatments that are given only at a certain age. Some flea control treatments are not to be used on cats. The health condition of the animal should also be considered for example pets that are too weak or pregnant. Veterinarians also know which product is suitable for your pets, in some cases veterinarians tend to rotate anti-flea treatments to make sure which product is effective on each case. Anti-flea treatments may work well in the past but work less effective due to resistance and the extent of the infestation.     Oral Anti Flea Treatments are given orally, working systemically and killing adult fleas. Usually take effect within a few hours after ingestion. These anti-flea treatments give 4~12 weeks of protection depending on the manufacturer’s recommendation. Due to less to no flea infestation pets can experience relief from itching, less allergic dermatitis, and better skin and coat conditions.    Product Recommendation   NexGard Flea & Tick Chewables   NexGard Flea & Tick Chewables is an innovative flea and tick preventive. It’s the first of its kind to kill fleas and ticks because it comes in a tasty, beef-flavored soft chew that will protect your dog for a full 30 days from a flea and tick infestation.     Topical Anti Flea Treatments are liquid solutions applied on the back of the pet, directly to the skin. Usually, owners are advised to avoid bathing their pets within 24 hours and touching the application site to allow the solution to dry. Make sure to apply the solution on the right spot to prevent your pets from reaching or licking the area. May give protection from fleas up to 4~12 weeks depending on the manufacturer’s recommendation.    Product Recommendation   Frontline Plus   FRONTLINE Plus kills adult fleas, flea eggs, and flea larvae for up to three months. FRONTLINE Plus also prevents the development of all flea stages for up to three months. FRONTLINE Plus can control fleas for up to three months, however, if there is a high risk of reinfestation or if the pet has fleas that may cause flea allergy dermatitis, a once monthly application may be needed.   Shampoo Anti Flea Treatments are quite effective when used properly. Some products may require a few minutes of soaking and let the shampoo sink in. Should also consider if the product is non-toxic and safe for puppies and kittens. However, shampoos can only provide a minimum period of protection against fleas.    Product Recommendation   Pet Silk Flea n Tick Pet Shampoo     Rid your pets of fleas and ticks with Pet Silk Flea & Tick Shampoo. Flea & Tick Shampoo cleans your pet without leaving any insecticide residue. Rinses clean to keep your dog looking and feeling great! Use Pet Silk Flea & Tick Dip for a stronger flea and tick formula for dogs and cats. A long lasting, residual flea and tick control. Kills and repels fleas, ticks, lice, flies and mosquitoes. For dogs cats, puppies and kittens over 12 weeks old.   Tag/Collar Anti Flea Treatments works as both a repellant and a treatment. It emits a scent that repels fleas and provides medications that penetrate into the fat layer on the dog’s natural skin oils. Some tag/collar anti-flea treatments are designed to provide protection for up to 8 months.   Product Recommendation   Bayer Seresto Tick Collar     Seresto is a proprietary, odorless collar that destroys and repels fleas and ticks, destroys lice, and helps for eight consecutive months to treat and manage sarcoptic mange on dogs, setting it apart from traditional collars. With the non-greasy, easy-to-use comfort of a leash, Seresto delivers the performance your customers demand from a monthly flea and tick preventative.       Treating the area   Pets can acquire fleas anywhere in their environment from parks, groomers, from other animals. Even humans can be carriers of fleas through their clothes and shoes. Fleas can jump up to 6 inches and can easily infest your pet. To successfully control fleas, the premises and other possible vehicles of fleas should be treated. Effective and safe solutions should be used on the floor, carpets, sofa, and furniture. Pet beddings, clothes, pet food, and bowls should be treated, washed, and dried. Make sure to check the instructions, the product may be recommended to apply without the presence of animals.    Product Recommendation   Vet’s Best Flea & Tick Home Spray for Cats 945ml     Flea Treatment for Cats and Home Spray formulated for cats, specifically. With Vet’s Best Flea and Tick Home Spray for Cats, declare war on fleas and ticks while preserving your home and family safe from harsh chemicals! By touch, our special blend of certified natural oils kills fleas, flea eggs, and ticks; and the non-staining product can be used on surfaces in your home without fear.   Sentry Flea Comb For Dog     The SENTRY Flea Comb for Dogs helps to remove fleas and flea larvae. When combing through the fur of your dog, it also removes fine particles and dust. For a relaxed grip, the SENTRY Flea Comb for Dogs has an ergonomic handle.         Earth Pet Electronic Flea Trap     The Earth Pet Electronic Flea Trap attracts fleas with LED light, without using drugs. With a metallic adhesive film, the fleas are trapped. It can be put anywhere in the house and is battery-operated.     Keep in mind that adult fleas, flea eggs, and larvae are everywhere and can infest your pets anytime. Provide preventive regimens for your pets and their environment regularly, to keep away from fleas. For treatments, consult your veterinarian to know which product is safe and best to use for your pets. 
Health
Why is my pet’s breath so smelly?
Bad breath is not pleasant for anyone, especially for pets. There is nothing abnormal about your pet having an occasional bad breath, but it is not normal for your pet to constantly have such a bad breath. No smell is as unpleasant as a pet’s foul breath smell. Even though you may appreciate your dog’s kisses, getting up close and personal might not be the best idea if your pet has bad breath.     It’s not just gross that your pet has bad breath – it could also be an indication of health problems. Take a moment to research the causes of bad breath in pets and what you can do to prevent and treat it before giving them a breath mints.        Causes of bad breath       We’ve listed the most common causes of bad breath in pets and how to avoid it. Let’s take a look.       Bacteria Build Up     Almost all dogs and cats suffer from dental disease by the time they are three years old. Poor oral health is one of the leading causes of bad breath in pets. Periodontal disease and resorption dental disease are the conditions that most commonly affect your pet’s oral health when it comes to dental disease. And let’s face it, most pet owners do not find it easy to brush their pet’s teeth, and pets cannot adhere to home oral care. This makes it easy for their pet to develop bacteria. If left untreated, it can cause dental disease, and it also spreads bacteria and chronic inflammation throughout your animal’s body.       Diet     We are what we eat, isn’t it right? Pets are no exception. Your pet’s breath may smell a bit off if they are on a diet that contains a lot of fish. Fish oil supplements factor into this category, too. Coprophagia – the act of eating poop can also be the reason. The smell of that would rival a towel bowl! Remember the last time you ate something that made you gag or burped after taking a fish oil capsule? Gross!       Diabetes     You need to schedule an appointment with your veterinarian if your pet’s bad breath smells sweet or fruity. Diabetes, a serious but treatable condition, results in a sweet, fruity breath. Get your dog examined if you notice other symptoms of diabetes like frequent drinking or urination, and ask your veterinarian about other signs to watch for.       Liver Diseases     Your pet may have a liver disease if her breath smells foul, she is vomiting, doesn’t seem to enjoy eating, and has a yellow tint to her gums. It is essential that you start your pet’s treatment as soon as possible if they have liver problems, as it can be a sign of a severe condition.       Kidney Diseases     If your pet has been eating poop, they might have breath that smells like it, but if their breath smells like urine, that definitely does not mean they have been drinking urine. You should visit your veterinarian if your pet’s breath smells like urine. This could be a symptom of kidney illness. It’s critical to recognize that kidney dysfunction could be a sign of a more serious health concern.       How to prevent smelly breath      Ensure good oral hygiene     Good oral health starts with brushing your teeth. It is best to brush your pet once a day after they have learned to tolerate it. Brushing once a day can help reduce the frequency of future vet visits for dental cleanings.     Visit the vet often.     Bad breath in pets can be treated based on its root cause. Once the underlying issue is resolved, your pet’s bad breath should disappear. It’s important that you take your pet to your vet if you notice sudden changes in his breath, mainly if they are older. When conditions are caught at an early stage, treatments are more likely to be effective.       Change diet     If your pet has no other symptoms of underlying diseases and still has bad breath, you can change their diet. A wrong diet can build up plaque in your pet’s gum that can cause bad breath. Providing them with the right food products can help prevent bacteria from building up. Veterinary Oral Health Council (VOHC)-approved products are good for your dog’s dental health. Their unique formulation helps remove tartar and plaque from his teeth, thus reducing both tooth and gum decay.       The importance of oral hygiene for your pet is just as great as it is for you. Be sure to take good care of your pet before things get worse. If your dog has bad breath, ask your veterinarian what types of oral health products they recommend.
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