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Beginner
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Meet The Breeds: Sphynx Cat
Meet The Breeds: Sphynx cats Sphynx cats are known to be unique breeds of cats. They are well-known for their nude-like appearance. Did you know that they are also distinctively intelligent, charming, and affectionate felines? You might be surprised to find out there’s more about this breed of cat than you know! Let’s find out more about the Sphynx cat.   Where did Sphynx Cats Originate from? The Sphynx cat was discovered in 1996 (fairly recently). And unlike what many of us think, the Sphynx cat originates from Canada, not Egypt. The Sphynx cat was produced as a result of genetic mutation. In today’s context, Sphynx cats often come from crossbreeding of Devon Rex cats with different hairless cat breeds in other parts of the world. Interestingly enough, the Sphynx cat is not the only breed of hairless cat around, but it is the first hairless cat breed bred precisely for its hairless trait.   Why do Sphynx cats look different from other cats? It’s easy to identify a Sphynx cat from other cats thanks to their unique appearance. Some have also said Sphynx cats look like raw chicken. And by “somebody”, we actually mean Rachel from Friends.   Are Sphynx cats really hairless? Contrary to what many of us might think, the Sphynx isn’t actually completely “hairless”. Even though the appearance of sphynx cats makes them look as if they are hairless, they are actually covered with a fine layer of downy fuzz. Like many things in life, the Sphynx cats are unique! No two Sphynx cats are 100% identical. In fact, every Sphynx has a different level of hairlessness. This extent of hairlessness largely occurs as a result of a recessive gene.   Do Sphynx cats feel cold? With their almost nude-like appearance, you might think that the Sphynx cats are constantly feeling cold. Surprise! Sphynx cats actually feel warmer than other cats. The body temperature of Sphynx cats is actually 4 degrees warmer than the usual “furry” cats. This is the greatest example of how mother nature works in wonderful ways, as the higher body temperature of Sphynx cats is to, in fact, make up for its lack of fur.   Are Sphynx cats hypoallergenic? With the absence of fur, many misunderstand that these cats might not cause any allergy at all. This is completely untrue, due to two main misconceptions. Firstly, many think that Sphynx cats are completely hairless, which is untrue. Another key misconception is that fur is the main cause of allergy, when in fact it is Fel d1, the allergenic protein in cat saliva and skin secretions that causes allergies. Hence, Sphynx cats are in fact, not hypoallergenic.   What do Sphynx cats eat?  Due to higher body temperature, they have higher metabolism rates, need to eat more and more frequently. If you’re an owner of a Sphynx cat, you should ensure that you provide them with the right amount of nutrients to keep up with their higher metabolism rates! How long do Sphynx cats live? The average lifespan of the sphynx cats ranges from 9 to 15 years. The oldest Sphynx cat known to have lived was a Sphynx in Texas by the name of Grandpa Rex. Grandpa Rex passed away at the age of 34 in 1964. Can Sphynx cats swim? While Sphynx cats like being in water, they prefer relaxing in it than playing in it. The therapeutic effect of water helps them to rest and rejuvenate, especially when they have sensitive skin. Are Sphynx cats friendly? Yes, Sphynx cats are friendly. In fact, they are one of the friendliest felines known to man. Their lack of thick fur makes them behave cuddly towards humans because they enjoy the warmth from their human friends. Do Sphynx cats like children? While they don’t exactly have a furry and cuddly appearance, the Sphynx cats are actually very good with children. They have a docile personality and are seen to be a warm and cuddly cat breed. Are Sphynx cats legal in Singapore? Yes, Sphynx cats are legal. However, they are not very easily found in Singapore. The hot and sunny weather in Singapore suggests more meticulous care to protect the cat’s skin, especially when there’s no pet sunscreen available. Are Sphynx cats HDB approved? Unfortunately, in Singapore, all cats are not allowed in HDBs. How much does it cost to buy a Sphynx cat? If you’re interested in buying a Sphynx cat, there are a small amount of Sphynx cats available. The Sphynx cat actually comes at a higher price, due to the limited number of Sphynx cats available. What extra care is needed for Sphynx cats? Since the skin of Sphynx cats is sensitive due to a lack of layer of protection, they will definitely need extra care. Besides, they are not covered with dense coats like other cats, so they get sunburnt or cold as a result. So, what are some care tips for Sphynx cats on sensitive skin? Keep them warm with cat apparel: Clothes for these little creatures are more functional than fashionable. You can get some from perromart to keep your unique feline warm when it’s cold outside or in the house. Supervise your cat in the sun: Fun in the sun? This doesn’t apply to Sphynx cats! Limit your cat’s exposure to the sun to protect them from the harmful UV rays. When they’re allowed in the sun, you should ensure that they’re under your supervision. You can also get lon-sleeved sun-protective clothes. Install a play tent for your cat outdoors (UV protection included to prevent harm to the skin): You can also make a play tent with UV protection for your Sphynx cats for outdoor activities to avoid their skin from being endangered. Cat shoes to shield cats from hot floors: Sphynx cats are indoor cats, but they can also go outside. However, it would be best if you take the precaution of putting cat shoes on them to avoid sunburns.   How often do Sphynx cats have to get groomed? Due to their higher susceptibility to skin conditions, you should bathe and groom your Sphynx cats more often than other cats do. It’s advised to give them a bath every week. There are some cleaning products that might help alleviate their skin sensitivity available on perromart. What are some common health conditions for Sphynx cats? Some of the common health conditions for Sphynx cats include: Skin problems: Excess oils on Sphynx cats can lead to skin problems such as rashes (urticaria pigmentosa) and cutaneous mastocytosis, as well as issues with ear wax, and skin infections. Body temperature regulation issues: Due to their lack of fur, Sphynx cats tend to get chilled easily. Ear infections: Dirt in your Sphynx ears, and excess wax can lead to ear infections. Ensure you stay away from cotton swabs when you’re cleaning Sphynx cat’s ears, as they can damage your cat’s eardrums. Periodontal diseases: Sphynx cats are also susceptible to dental issues, and that’s why they need regular dental cleanings. Some of the symptoms of these diseases include bad breath, tooth discoloration or tartar, difficulty eating, drooling, pawing at the teeth, or red, swollen, or bleeding gums. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Sphynx Cats are susceptible to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a condition in which the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick. This condition usually develops as your cat grows older. How to prevent these health conditions? You can protect your Sphynx cats from the aforementioned health conditions with some basic care tips. Bring them for regular health checkups Feed them with better food (control cat’s oil secretion) Give them intermittent baths during the week to help with their sensitive skin Provide them with Cat apparel to keep them warm and protect their skin Avoid using cotton buds that can damage their eardrums
Lifestyle
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perromart x Fairmont Singapore Pawcation
Craving for a getaway from your everyday hustle and bustle with your beloved furkid?  We’ve got you covered with the perromart x Fairmont Singapore Pawcation!  To provide you with a rejuvenating experience with your furry companion, perromart is collaborating with Fairmont Singapore for a memorable pawcation we guarantee you and your furkid will never forget! Here’s a preview of the Fairmont Singapore Pawcation, featuring Ori from @orichompsdaikon!   Step inside the hotel room and be greeted by the scenic view of our Singapore skyline!    Embark on an island rediscovery with your pets, without having to worry about rushing home!     And you won’t have to worry about your furry friends getting thirsty, as water bowls will be provided as part of the package! Lazy to leave the room? Fret not! Fairmont Singapore offers an in-room dining experience so that you won’t have to leave your pets alone on their pawcation!     You can bring along your own treats or simply purchase from us at perromart. It simply is the best chillaxation pawcation!     After an exciting day out, it’s time to hit the sheets with your pets! This time, pets can get on the beds too!     Pet beds are also provided if your pets prefer having their beds all to themselves!     The Fairmont Singapore Pawcation includes: One-night stay in Fairmont Room or Signature Suite Room rates starting from $399++ Breakfast for (2) two adults at Prego or in-room dining S$50 nett dining credits per stay that can be used at Prego, Anti:Dote, Mikuni, Asian Market Cafe, and for in-room dining Complimentary use of pet amenities (Dog Bed, Food/Water Bowl, Pee Pads) Complimentary parking at driveway Guests may check-in from 1500 hours onwards and check-out prior to 1200 hours Unlimited WIFI for multiple devices Terms and conditions Available for stays from now till 31 March 2022. No more than two pets or a total weight of 15kg are allowed per room. Pets are not allowed in the hotel gym, swimming pool area, restaurants and bars Pet owners will need to keep their fur-kid in a crate or carrier when in the hotels’ public areas or in the elevators and escalators. Pet owners will be responsible for the safety of their pets. Pets must not be left alone at any time. Not inclusive of pet birthday cake, pet food and cat litter. Complimentary parking at driveway is limited to 1 vehicle per stay only. Dining credits must be used during the stay and are not applicable at JAAN by Kirk Westaway, SKAI and CLOVE. Dining credits cannot be used in conjunction with other dining discounts. Reservations are non-cancellable and non-refundable 48-hours prior to check-in date. Rates are subject to 10% service charge and prevailing government taxes. Extra cleaning fee might be incurred. Subject to availability, blackout dates apply. Not valid in conjunction with other offers, promotions, discounts and vouchers. In case of dispute, Fairmont Singapore reserves the right of final decision. Ready to step into a dream pawcation with your buddy? Hit the button below to get started, or join our perromart x Fairmont Singapore IG Giveaway here from 1 – 10 November 2021!  
Beginner
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Which Dog Breed Should I Get?
Ever wondered which dog breed suits you the best? Anyone who owns a dog knows how wonderful these animals really are. They make great additions to any home whether you are looking for a guard dog, a playmate, or simply a companion. Along with the myriad of joys that a dog brings to one’s home, there is responsibility. The decision of bringing a dog home must be well considered, as it really is a lifelong commitment. To make the process easier, we have compiled a general list of considerations that should be taken into account before deciding upon the breed you want to get. What dog should I get? 1. Size This is an incredibly important aspect to look into while deciding upon the breed. The size of the dog you eventually get will largely depend on the type of residence you live in. Apartment residents will need to abide by the list of HDB Approved dogs; the official list is available on the Housing and Development Board website. The breeds listed are typically smaller and have a lesser requirement for space. Dogs that are larger (for example, a Labrador Retriever) will have greater energy expenditure and require more space to be healthy. However, larger dogs can also be kept in apartments with suitable care and exercise (for example, taking the dog out regularly for long walks). 2. Energy Level Of The Dog It is immensely important that the dog’s energy level is compatible with that of its owner. The owner needs to be cognizant of its pet’s energy and find suitable ways to channel it appropriately. For example, Alaskan Malamutes have high energy levels and will need to be exercised regularly. If you lead an active lifestyle, high energy breeds are a great choice. However, if your lifestyle is greatly sedentary or you don’t have enough time to walk your dog, consider getting a low energy breed (for example, a French Bulldog). It is essential to ensure that your dog receives sufficient exercise to expend its built-up energy. Unused energy may be converted into aggression, general inertia or restlessness (chewing on objects left around, barking, prancing around the household). Just as exercise forms a pivotal part of human health, dogs require exercise to ward off diseases such as heart disease and obesity. Read more: How to Make Walks More Exciting? 3. Temperament Of The Breed Behavioral traits of a breed are an important factor to take into consideration before you bring a dog home. If children are present at home, consider getting a breed that is relatively more docile and companionable. Popular choices for child-friendly breeds include the Golden Retriever and Bulldogs. These dogs are not only immensely loyal, but are also highly intelligent and sensitive. They are easy to train which makes them great dogs to play with children. Their docile and loving nature not only makes them perfect fits for kids, but they also make wonderful companions for adults. Clock ten miles on the beach or hop into a swimming pool on a sweltering summer day; these furkids are ready for it all! If you lead an athletic lifestyle, energetic breeds like the Border Collie or Weimaraner make great jogging companions. Since these breeds have notably high endurance and stamina, they don’t tire out easily. If you are more interested in owning a dog for the purpose of security, German Shepherds and Dobermans are particularly renowned for their strong sense of territory. Any trespassing will trigger a series of barks from these breeds, alerting you instantly. There are several other parameters that will influence the temperament of a breed, such as gender and parental history. Research has shown that male dogs are likely to be slightly more ebullient, territorial and playful compared to their female counterparts. The temperament of your dog’s parents is also a strong indication of behavioral traits that your pet is likely to exhibit. It is always a good idea to ask about the history of the parents to gain foresight about your pet’s temperament in the future. 4. Maintenance Some breeds are prone to shedding more hair than others, such as the Shetland Sheepdog. Maintenance for these dogs will involve cleaning the house regularly to ward off the growth of any unwanted microbes. Breeds with thicker coats such as the Irish Setter, will require frequent grooming to prevent tangles and knots setting in the hair. If you anticipate that you may not have sufficient time to devote to the maintenance of your pet, opt for breeds like the Beagle and Jack Russell Terrier, which have comparatively lesser grooming requirements, for they have shorter fur coats. Whichever breed you ultimately choose, remember that all dogs are created equal. Owning a dog is an incredibly rewarding experience and you can expect to make relationships that will last forever.
Beginner
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What To Do When My Cat Stops Eating?
Occasionally you may find that your cat seems fussier about its food, only choosing to sample its food before walking away. Perhaps your cat could show signs of refusing to eat whenever you try to set your feline down. Being familiar with your cat’s habits will help you recognize any behavioural changes and you can work out why it may be unwilling or unable to eat as it did before. Here are some reasons why your cat is refusing food.   Why Is My Cat Not Eating?   1. Changes In Routine Or Environment Cats are very sensitive to changes in routine and atmosphere. It may be something as simple as your having introduced a new cat to your household, as this could arouse feelings of insecurity. A change in the arrangement of furniture could also unsettle your cat. 2. Emotional Problem Have you been on holiday recently and left your cat with a cat kennel and someone else to look after him daily? A disinterest in food might be due to a simple case of depression. Such minor issues will not present much of a headache for you as they can be dealt with easily. Offering a little healthy treat to tempt your cat or putting a little bit of meat jelly onto its gums just might persuade it to have a little something to eat. You could also try offering a taste of something your cat really does like, to see whether it’s turning its nose up at what’s being offered, or if there are other reasons for its reluctance to eat. 3. Food Transition With cats accustomed to receiving carbohydrate-rich food, a switch to a more health conscious diet could be the reason for its disinterest in food. A refusal of food may be a cat’s attempt to show its displeasure in being denied its desires. Your cat may be under the mistaken impression that if it waits long enough you may relent and give in. However, you should also note that putting an overweight cat on a crash diet of low-carbohydrate food can result in your cat refusing to eat for more than two days. In such circumstances, a prolonged period of rejecting nourishment is likely to result in liver problems as your cat draws on his fat reserves and doesn’t take in the protein which he needs. In other circumstances, should your cat persist in not eating for more than a day or two, it could hint at an underlying health problem. In such situations, a consultation with your veterinarian is advised. 4. Health Problem Your cat might have a problem with its teeth or jaws which make eating painful or difficult, as would any problems associated with its digestive system. It could be suffering from inflamed gums or a broken tooth, a cut in its mouth, or an abscess in its jaws arising from a deep scratch. Your feline could also be experiencing discomfort in its stomach or have an intestinal condition which will reduce its appetite. Your veterinarian will advise on the best course of treatment in these scenarios. However, keeping an eye on your cat and its behaviour will help you deal with any problems before they get worse or chronic, and both you and your vet can make sure it has a full and happy life.   What Is The Food That Cats Love The Most? Cats, in general, prefer food with a strong smell and soft texture. They prefer the food at either room temperature or slightly warm. How Can I Get My Cat To Eat?   If your cat will not eat, interact with them and let them come to you for attention. If the problem is stress-related, this one-on-one with them may help. If he still won’t eat after a couple of days, consult your vet on what other options there are. If your cat appears to be stressed out by a possible visit to the vet, consider engaging one who will make house halls. If your cat loves playing in the outdoors, it could be that they’ve been stuffing themselves on what nature provided for them and they really don’t need another meal. They might also have been fed by someone else — be sure to add a tag to your cat’s collar so that strangers know that they are not strays. Also, if your cat has any problems with their teeth or gums then this will also put them off their food. It is therefore imperative that you deal with the root issue of your oral care by using long term solutions like sprinkling granules onto their foods to help prevent plaques, or to impose a strict teeth cleaning regime. Be sure to check if their bowls are clean. Cat dishes should be washed at least once a day for dry foods and after every serving for wet foods. Leftover foods allow bacteria to grow which can be harmful to cats, and be doubly sure not to place their food near their litter trays — as the saying goes, ‘don’t eat where you poop’! If you have been feeding your cat dry food, try changing it more frequently especially in a humid environment as dry food, will absorb water, making it soft and potentially off-putting for your cat. In addition to changing their existing dry foods, try adding a bit of wet food to their diet to mix it up! Cats like a bit of variety, and they can be bored with the taste and texture of crunchy dry foods. If you are not using dry food but wet food straight from the fridge, consider warming the food before serving them to your cat. Cats are like humans, in that their sense of taste is closely linked to their sense of smell — if they can’t smell their food, they can’t taste it. Cold foods will not smell as much as they do in room or warmer temperatures, so a quick pop in the microwave should get those feline whiskers twitching! And if they are still not attracted by the wet foods, try adding a few biscuits on top to vary the texture. Syringe feed and feeding tubes are viable options if your cats are still not eating, but only use this as a last resort!   What Can I Feed A Sick Cat? In order to recover, encourage your sick feline friend to eat small, frequent meals with high energy, palatable and highly digestible food. Hand-feeding is highly recommended. Meanwhile, fresh water should be available at all times as well. Your veterinarian may suggest giving fluids or liquid food via a syringe if your cat can’t eat on his own.   How Long A Cat Can Live Without Food? In general, cats can potentially survive for weeks without eating, but that heavily depends on their water intake and overall health. If your cat fails to eat for more than 1 day, it is highly recommended to bring him to the vet clinic, according to PetMD.   How Much Water Does A Cat Need To Drink A Day? Water is far more essential for a cat’s survival. According to Catological, cats generally can’t survive without water for more than 3 – 4 days before organ failure occurs. Dr. Jenna Ashton explains that the daily water requirement of a cat is roughly a cup per 10 pounds of body weight.   How Do I Get My Cat To Drink? One option is to feed wet food to your cat or to simply add wet food to dry kibble. If wet food isn’t the option, get him a drinking fountain as the flowing water in the fountain can encourage increased water intake.   How Long Can A Cat Be Left Alone? An adult cat should be fine to be left alone for 2 days as long as fresh water and a sufficient amount of food are accessible at all times. However, it still depends on other factors, including the safety of the environment and the overall health of your cat. Japanese article: 【猫の食欲不振】ご飯を食べない猫の原因と食べさせ方
Beginner
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Meet The Breeds: Shiba Inu
Shiba or Shiba Inu is a dog breed from Japan initially bred for hunting in the past. They were used for hunting wild boars in the past, but now they are considered one of Japan’s best companion dogs. Shiba Inu breed is known for its charming, keen, and fearless personality and its fox -like ears and cat-like agility. Go for a Shiba Inu if you are looking for a simple yet perfect companion dog for your family. Shiba Inu Dog breed information Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed, and it does very well in the mountainous areas and hiking trails because they were trained for such environments in the past and were used for hunting wild boars. This small to medium breed is the smallest of the six original and distinct spitz breeds of native Japan. Here are some fun facts about Shiba Inu to assist you better understand the breed Breed Group: Companion group Height: Female: 33-41 cm, Male: 35-43 cm. (Male Shiba Inu stands a bit taller than female Shiba Inu) Weight: Female: 8 kg, Male: 10 kg. (Like height, Male Shiba Inu are a bit heavier than females) Life span: 12-16 years Coat: Double coat with a stiff, straight outer coat and a soft, thick undercoat Color: Cream, Red, Black & Tan, Sesame. Temperament: Charming, Keen, Fearless, Faithful, Confident, Alert The difficulty level for first-time owners: On a scale of 1-10 paws, Shiba Inu receive 7/10 paws according to many Shiba Inu owners’ feedback. Many breeds are challenging to train, and Shiba is one of those breeds. According to the owners’ testimony, the Shiba Inu provides difficult trainability. They are stubborn dogs and only respond to things that make sense to them. This persistent behavior makes them one of the challenging dogs to train among the other fellow breeds. Shiba Inu History The Shiba Inu breed is originated in japan along with five other breeds like Akita, Kai Dog, Kishu, Hokkaido, and Shikoku. All of these breeds are larger than the Shiba Inu. These are the six breeds that are the original and distinct spitz-type breeds of Japan. There are many interesting theories about how Shiba Inu got their name. One of the approaches is that the word Shiba means Brushwood. They were named after brushwood trees due to their red color fur, that is similar to Brushwood’s autumn leaves and used to hunt in brushwood bushes. Another theory is that the archaic meaning of Shiba is small. So, as a result, they got their nickname of “small brushwood dog.” After World War II, the breeds almost got extinct and were further decimated by distemper in 1952. In saving the breed, different types were bred, crossing the mountainous breeds with the lighter-boned dogs from other regions, resulting in the survival of Shiba Inu with a slight change in the bone substance. Since then, Shiba Inu gained popularity, and now this breed is trendy across Japan. What are the types of Shiba Inu? Shiba Inu had a harsh past when they almost got extinct after World War II. But before the War, there were said to be three types of Shiba Mino Shiba Inu Sanin Shiba Inu Shinshu Shiba Inu But today, Shiba Inu resembles Shinshu Shiba and is the only available type of Shiba Inu. But overall, all three breeds contributed to the modern breed. Are Shiba Inu good pets? Shiba Inu is a good family dog. He is loyal and devoted to the family and does well with the family’s children, but it doesn’t mean they are easy to train. Shiba Inu can give you a hard time when it comes to training because of their stubborn and independent temperament. But once they are successfully trained, they can be the best companion dog for your family. Are Shiba Inu high maintenance? Shiba Inu is among the breeds with a nice-looking coat. And, along with the coat comes high maintenance. They require maintenance in the form of regular brushing and vacuuming when they shed. Shiba Inus shed their coat twice a year, and during that time, their fur can be found everywhere in your house, so vacuuming is necessary. Are Shiba Inu aggressive? Yes, Shiba Inu has an aggressive personality. They usually get aggressive with other dogs of the same gender. Shiba Inu breed can’t be trusted off-leash because of being natural hunters. They love to chase other people or dogs, so there will always be a possibility of them chasing everyone. So, a leash is suggested whenever you go out for a walk with them. Are Shiba Inu hypoallergenic? Shiba Inus aren’t hypoallergenic. Although Shiba Inus only shed more at a specific time of the year twice and that time, their hairs can be found everywhere in the house. The main problem is dander that stuck in the fur which causes allergies. So, by proper care and maintenance, you can keep your dog clean and safe yourself from allergies. Are Shiba Inu HDB approved? In Singapore, Shiba Inu is not HDB approved because of their aggressive behavior and difficulty in training. But if you are willing to adopt a Shiba Inu in Singapore, you have to go through a formal way and apply for approval from the HDB department. After all the legal paperwork and interviews, you can get the authorization to adopt Shiba Inu as your pet. What are popular mixed breeds with Shiba Inu? Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed from the Companion group. This breed is known for its hunting abilities, and that’s why they are mixed with many popular species to get something different with a little Shiba Inu touch. Some of the famous mixed breeds are Shusky (Siberian Huskey/Shiba Inu) Corgsky (Corgi/Shiba Inu) Shibador (Labrador Retriever/Shiba Inu) Shiba-chi (Chihuahua/Shiba Inu) Imo Inu (American Eskimo/Shiba Inu) Shibadox (Dachshund/Shiba Inu Shibos (Boston Tarrier/Shiba Inu) What health issues do Shiba Inu face? Shiba Inu is a pretty healthy and energetic dog. But as we know, no breed is perfect, and Shiba Inu is no exception. Shiba Inu can face some genetic problems that have been since from the start, including Hip Dysplasia, Allergies, Eye problems, Patellar luxation. As a puppy, Shiba Inu can suffer from different allergies. If you see your Shiba Inu puppy itching or losing hairs, then you should visit the vet clinic ASAP. Vaccines and proper care can prevent allergies. From Adulthood to older age, Shiba Inu can face many physical problems like Hip dysplasia, where their thigh bone does not sit properly in their hip bone. Vaccines can eliminate eye problems. Patellar luxation, this causes their knee cap to dislocate. These problems can be prevented with proper care or, in severe cases, with surgeries. Do Shiba Inu bark a lot? Shiba Inu don’t bark a lot have a wide range of vocal stylings. One of them is the Shiba-scream, which is a high pitched, loud scream that is very distinct. Conclusion All and all, Shiba Inu can be your perfect companion. If you think you can take on the challenge of training a Shiba Inu, then upon success, you will meet an intelligent, keen, and loyal partner in the face of Shiba Inu personality.
Beginner
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Why Do Cats Meow?
There is no one simple answer to this question, despite the simplicity in which the question is presented — cats are complex animals, and will use their vocalisation in order to signify many different things, not just one. Even a single “meow” could have different interpretations — which is considerable when you take into account the other vocalisations cats make (purrs, growls, hisses, etc.). This article will therefore attempt to only list some of the more prominent interpretations of a cat’s “meow”.   Reasons to Meow   Need for Affection One of the primary reasons why cats meow is that they want your attention. Now some cats are more independent than others, but some will truly crave human attention, and even the independent ones will sometimes come around looking for some interactions from time to time. If the meowing is within a tolerable level and you don’t mind the occasional lick, whisker nuzzle and lap time, then this meowing is definitely not a problem. Sick Or In Pain   Cats also meow because they are sick or in pain, which you might be able to pick up on if you pay close attention to how your cats vocalise this condition. They might have hormonal issues, kidney problems, fleas, or an injury. So always listen carefully when your cats are ‘speaking’ to you. Hunger Cats will also meow when they are hungry. You should be able to tell if this is the reason just be knowing your cat’s little habits, but do not succumb to this pressure and feed your cat every time they do so, or you will end up with an obese cat.   Managing Constant Meowing     Some cat species meow a lot more than others (e.g. Siamese cats), but all do it to get your attention. And while most just do it when they want something in particular, some cats just meow constantly and for no apparent reason. This can be a major problem, especially if it occurs at night or early in the morning when you are trying to sleep.       Firstly, make sure that you cat is not meowing due to an illness or medical problem, as this can often be the case. Once that as been ascertained, you may try out a series of actions to see if the constant meowing stops. Since cats do not just meow to annoy you (for most cats, at least), carrying one or more of the following actions should allow you to zero in on the problem. Feed On A Regular Basis Try feeding your cat at set times/regular intervals so they can anticipate when they are going to eat next. You can also try leaving dry cat foods and biscuits in their bowls so that your cat can nibble whenever they get hungry. This, however, is only advisable when your cat does not have a tendency to over-eat. Quality Time & Play Time As mentioned earlier, cats may meow because they would like some affection or play time with their pet parents. Stroke and play with your cat often to keep them from feeling lonely or neglected, which tend to be strong reasons for constant meowing. Condition Them Through Discipline Do not let your cats drive you round the bend with excessive meowing — take charge and show them who’s the boss! You can choose to:   Ignore them, which may or may not eventually make them stop The old favourite of squirting them with a water spray A firm “No” or a clap of the hands Cats will eventually realize that constant meowing gets them nowhere. Once their constant meowing has been stopped or reduced, remember to introduce positive reinforcement methods such as praising and treats in order to condition this new behaviour.     Japanese article: 猫が鳴く理由とは?猫の鳴き声から気持ちと意味を理解しよう  
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Beginner
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Meet The Breeds: Singapore Special
According to estimates done by some studies, there are about one billion dogs in the world. About 250 million of these are of known species and have owners, which leaves 750 million roaming the streets as strays. These strays continue to mix and procreate, producing offspring that are increasingly different from the parents, and in the end, you have new breeds of dogs you cannot identify. These breeds go by different names, including mixed breed dog, mutt, and mongrel. Here in Singapore, though, we call them the Singapore Special.     Origin And History Of Singapore Special The Singapore Special isn’t necessarily a breed of dog: it is more of a type of dog. The Singapore Special refers to a dog that has been bred in the streets: not on purpose or intentionally, but by dog breeds mixing up by themselves on the streets. So, the Singapore Special is a dog that is bred on the streets, a product of generations of varieties of different breeds of dogs. The Singapore Special could typically be said to be short-haired, medium to large sized, black-muzzled, has pointy ears, brown fur, and on the skinny side. This description has evolved, however, because you can get a Singapore Special that is the size of a Chihuahua, not necessary medium to large sized. Most of these dogs’ ancestors started out as guard dogs for construction sites and factories. The dogs were left to their own devices when these buildings were completed, the construction business moved to another site, or these factories closed down. Some of these dogs are pets that have been abandoned by their owners, for one reason or the other. Now, these dogs are strays, considered dangerous to society, and are constantly being rescued by animal welfare organizations and volunteer groups, or culled, which is generally ineffective in reducing the stray dog population.   Physical Characteristics of the Singapore Special The physical characteristics of a Singapore Special cannot be pinned down to one specific description. The Singapore Special is a mixed breed dog, so the physical traits could be those obtained from either of its parents. As such, you could get dogs that have brown coats, short hair, black muzzles, skinny, big, medium, small, have pointy ears, the like. A Singapore Special has different physical characteristics, depending on the type of dog you want. There are roughly three types of mixed breeds or the Singapore Special, and they can be identified by their physical descriptions, such as: Mixes    These are dogs that show the traits of two or more breeds. This means that their ancestors may be purebred or they may have come from a long line of mixed breeds. Since these dogs look most like their ancestors, they are named after the breed they resemble, such as a poodle mix, a Lab mix, or a collie-shepherd.    Pariah Dog These are dogs that are the product of non-selective breeding which has happened over many generations. These dogs are usually yellow to light-brown and are of medium height and weight. Functional Breed These are dogs whose ancestors are not purebred, but they themselves have been purposely bred because of how they perform in certain tasks, such as the Eurohound, the Pointer-Greyhound mix termed the Greyster, and the Alaskan Husky.     Personality And Temperament Of Singapore Special The Singapore Special is a dog that you can get when you visit dog shelters. Since they have been rescued off the streets, they might have trust issues, and may also have personality traits that are genetic. Before you get one, make thorough inquiries at the dog shelter that you go to. If you settle on a dog that you want to adopt, take your children to the adoption shelter so that the dog can get familiar with them. Singapore Specials can be house trained, but they need a lot of patience and time. They may get attached to a particular person in the family, usually the person they perceive to be their real owner, and may be antagonistic towards children. Children should be supervised every time they are around the dog, and only left alone with the dogs when they are older, quieter, and calmer children.     Health Due to its mixed heritage, the Singapore Special is a rather healthy dog. Studies show that mixed breed dogs such as the Singapore Special need less veterinary attention, and they are less susceptible to many diseases than the average purebred. Also, the Singapore Special has a lower mortality rate, living longer on average as compared to purebreds, though some purebreds have longer lives than the Singapore Special.     Care and Grooming The Singapore Special requires care and grooming, regardless of the length of the hair. Whether it is done professionally or personally by you, you need to groom them, giving them baths at least once every month and professional grooming at least four times a year. Use warm water and dog shampoos and conditioners to bathe them, removing the tangles in their fur. Rinse their fur thoroughly and towel them off or use a blow dryer. Trim the fur, especially armpit fur, hair on their paws and between their toes. Do trim the facial hair on long-haired dogs to prevent hair falling into their eyes. So, a Singapore Special is a good dog to take into your care, but first, you have to take note of certain things.   It is most likely a rescued dog, so it may have trust issues. Talk to the adoption agency and ask questions about the dog’s personality traits and behaviour. The Singapore Special can be house trained, but they require a lot of time and patience, and they need to know that they are loved and cared for. Try to maintain a quiet and calm environment around the dogs, which means that children will have to be supervised around them, at least until the dog is used to its new home. Grooming is important for their health, even though they are less likely to fall prey to disease as purebred dogs. Adopt a Singapore Special, allow one less dog on the streets, and one more best friend companion in your home.   Update: With the recent revision in the Project ADORE guidelines, more Singaporeans are now able to adopt our Singapore Specials! Hooray! Before buying a dog, do consider adopting one, you’ll be promised with a loyal and loving companion.
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Why Do Rabbits Like To Hide In Dark Places?
Ever wondered why your rabbit hides in dark places? Is it because they enjoy dark places? Is it because your pet rabbit is feeling emo? In this article, we’ll expand on the possible reasons your pet bunny hides in the dark! Like every other animal, the rabbit has a very peculiar and unique temperament. As a rabbit owner, you need to understand the needs and instincts of your pets in order to find out the reasons behind their behaviors. Rabbits as Docile Animals Perceived as docile and non-aggressive animals, many pet owners have found rabbits to be pleasant pets that are easy to handle. By nature, rabbits are extremely social, intelligent, and affectionate. However, from time to time, these lovely creatures could also be willful, bratty, vengeful, and destructive. They can sometimes be a difficult bunch to understand, especially when they showcase confusing behavior such as hiding in dark areas, leaving many new rabbit owners scratching their heads. How Often do Rabbits Hide in Dark Places Hiding is a very common habit for rabbits. Every prey animals reacts differently to external stimuli. Some have a more prominent flight response, while the fight response is more prominent for others. Prey animals lean towards flight response more, even when stimuli or factors making them feel afraid or anxious may be internal. Reasons Rabbits Hide in Dark Places Seeing your rabbits always going into hiding in the dark may be for worrisome reasons or good signs. Worrisome reasons Here’s why you might be worried about your rabbit’s peculiar behavior:   1. Fear response as a prey Don’t be surprised to see your bunny hiding because of fear. Feeling unsafe, which triggers fear, is the most common reason rabbits stay within their enclosure. Since they are delicate and vulnerable, rabbits don’t feel safe outside. Their act of hiding indicates that there is a certain environmental factor that is making them stressed out.   2. Feeling pain or discomfort Common rabbit illnesses can lead to pain, discomfort, bloating, appetite loss, and dizziness. Your rabbits may run into hiding if they have any of these symptoms.   3. Stressed (rabbits are easily stressed) Your rabbits may be stressed because they have experienced a big traumatic event such as being attacked by other pets or stepped on accidentally. It could also be because of smaller stressful elements such as noisy construction work.   Good signs Your rabbit hiding in the dark is not necessarily always a bad sign!   1. Catching up on sleep One of the reasons your rabbit could be hiding in the dark is because, like many of us, it needs its sleep! Due to their insecurity, they see themselves as vulnerable when resting. As a result, they tend to sleep with their eyes open (bunnies stay alert even during rest), causing them to be sleep deprived.   2. Relax As your bunny might feel uneasy while outside due to how unsafe the environment may be, hiding in an enclosure could help them feel relaxed.   3. Need some time alone Just like many of us humans, rabbits need their personal space, where they feel comfortable and secure too. This is why you may need to provide them with shelters or places to retreat when they feel tired, frightened, unwell, or in need of some quality alone time. Is it a Worrying thing for Rabbits to do so? Is my rabbit feeling emo? There are other signs you need to look for to determine the specific reason your rabbit likes to hide in the dark. Here are some guiding questions that could help you determine the reason for your rabbit’s desire to hide.     1. Are there any changes to the environment? As prey animals, rabbits are extremely sensitive to even the smallest change in the environment. They’re easily stressed by external stimuli and also any changes in those stimuli, which could be a sign of danger when they’re in the wild.   2. Has your rabbit been around other rabbits recently? Your rabbit’s peculiar behavior of hiding in the dark could be one of the signs that your rabbit is sick. You should know that being around other rabbits could lead to transmitted diseases. The three main diseases that can be transmitted from rabbit to rabbit include Myxomatosis (an illness caused by the myxoma virus), Viral hemorrhagic disease (a disease caused by a calicivirus), and Encephalitozoonosis (an infection caused by an organism called Encephalitozoon cuniculi or E. cuniculi).   3. Have there been new people or animals around your rabbit? Rabbits can greatly be affected by new pets and people. They may feel insecure around new pets and people, and even see them as threats.   Is there a Need to Stop this Behavior? Once you’ve identified the reason behind your rabbit’s behavior, here’s how you can proceed:   1. If your pet is stressed: You can help your rabbit destress by keeping her occupied with treats and tricks which can help strengthen the bond between you and your pet. Learning new tricks can also boost your rabbit’s confidence. You should also keep tabs on your rabbit to see how it’s doing. 2. If your pet is sick: Ensure that you seek immediate veterinary attention when you identify that your bunny is sick   3. If you are unsure: It would be advisable to arrange for a visit to the vet. Even if it’s not a health issue, a visit to the vet could give you more insight into rabbit behavioral actions.   Here are some products you could get for your rabbit:    Conclusion To wrap it up, it’s important that you observe your pet. Seeing your bunny hiding in the darkness is a key sign your rabbit is unwell. So, it is up to you as an owner to observe and make the right decision for the next step
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How To Reduce My Gerbil’s Anxiety?
Gerbils are naturally sociable, curious, and active creatures. While they make good house pets, Gerbils can sometimes seem anxious, which may leave some gerbil owners feeling confused. In order to better understand why your gerbil is feeling anxious, you need to be mindful of how they behave in their surroundings and interact with one another in their cage. Let’s find out what are some ways we can reduce our gerbil’s anxiety!   Is it Possible for Gerbils to Have Anxiety? The way animals respond to external stimuli differs. Some animals are more anxious than others, whereas others have no anxiety. As one of the prey animals in the wild, Gerbils are programmed to have high levels of anxiety to protect themselves. Gerbils tend to protect themselves by jumping away from predators or building burrows. Why Do Gerbils Get Anxious? Gerbils get anxious for different specific reasons. Here are some common reasons listed below:   • Prey animals Gerbils’ anxiety is extremely useful in the wild, as it helps them detect danger and escape. They have a heightened alert of external stimuli, which can sometimes indicate that danger is near. They can also get easily startled from new changes to the environment, such as loud noise, new people or new animals.   • Loneliness  Wild gerbils are social animals with social hierarchies. Gerbils are not exactly meant to be kept alone and tend to get anxious if they are lonely.   • Boredom Gerbils are naturally active and athletic creatures. They may get bored and anxious if not given enough toys, space, and playtime.     Signs your Gerbil is Anxious There are signs you need to watch out for in your Gerbils, although not all of them will show the signs in the same way. If your gerbils show many of them, it might indicate unhappiness or anxiety.   1. Hiding When gerbils are stressed, they tend to spend hours on end hiding in their tunnels or nests.   2. Reduced appetite  If you notice that our pet gerbil is eating lesser than usual, it may be feeling stressed. When in flight or fight mode, the digestive system of gerbils tends not to work as effectively. On the other hand, your gerbils can also get stressed if not given enough food or water. It’s important that you remember to top up their food bowls and water bottles daily.   3. Foot stomping (Drumming)  In the wild, gerbils stomping the ground with their back feet is an alarm to warn other gerbils of approaching predators. A frequent stomping indicates that there is something in your gerbil’s environment that is causing stress.   4. Increased frequency of vocalizations  Baby gerbils “talk” a lot when they are around for age 4 or 5 months. Regular vocalizations like high-pitched chirps are normal for them. However, when they get to adulthood, they make fewer noises. As a result, when you observe that your adult gerbil is becoming more vocal, it could mean that they are stressed. This may be characterized by persistent loud squeaking or teeth chattering.   5. Red tears Red tears are red liquid around your gerbil’s eyes or under its nose. Often confused with blood, the red tears are made from porphyry, secreted by a gland behind the gerbils’ eyes. Red tears are often triggered by illness or stress.   6. Hyperactivity Hyperactivity can also be a sign of stress. Some gerbils prefer to escape instead of hiding away from what’s bothering them. They may become too tense to sleep and end up staying active throughout the day. You might also see them trying to get out of their Gerbilarium or running in circles.   7. Obsessive behaviors Your gerbils may show signs of anxiety by over grooming themselves, engaging in obsessive scratching, or biting their cages.   8. Change in toilet habits Gerbils prefer pooping in the same cage area to maintain cleanliness in the other parts. However, when they are scared or stressed, they can be observed pooping anywhere.   How to Reduce the Anxiety Level of your Gerbil? Having a high anxiety level poses dangers to your pet gerbil. The heightened anxiety level can also reflect a broken trust bond between you and your gerbil or reflect a nervous system disorder as a result of improper handling. Nervous system disorder can affect your gerbils and cause serious medical issues such as epileptic seizures. For every gerbil, the signs may be mild (gerbils displaying a trance-like behavior with twitching of ears and whiskers) or severe (gerbils suffering from convulsions, stiffening of muscles, and jerking of the whole body). To treat these, you may need to administer a mild muscle relaxant. The following are some ways you can help reduce your gerbil’s anxiety level:   1. Look out for your Gerbil’s body language Identify if your gerbil’s body language is negative or positive. If your gerbil is showing negative body language, you should look out for signs and sources of your pet’s discomfort. Also, ensure you give it enough water and space.   2. Look out for warning signs your pet needs space When your Gerbil moves your hand away with its head, it’s a sign that it needs space. If it’s tapping the cage, ensure it has access to water. Also, if two gerbils are pressing their faces against each other or arching backs at one another, be sure to separate them to prevent a fight from happening.   3. Additional needs of Gerbils Provide your gerbils with what can boost their active state. Give them toys, playmates and treats to make them feel better. Check out some recommended products for your pet gerbil: Conclusion As a gerbil owner, it’s crucial that you identify your gerbil’s pattern of behavior. This enables you to identify that Gerbil is feeling nervous and understand why. You should also look out for possible factors and remove them or make necessary changes. Moreover, every gerbil is different. Owners need to look out for their own gerbil to understand the importance of resolving gerbil’s anxiety as it can affect their overall health in the long run.  
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Why Does My Dog Lick My Face?
It is very common to see dogs licking someone’s face, especially their owners. Because they are unable to speak like humans, the best way for them to communicate is through body language. One of the most direct ways is licking. This article will help you understand why they lick your face, whether it is harmful for them to do so, the associated problem, and the solutions to dog licking your face.   Reasons why my dog licks my face It is the functional behavior of dogs to lick human faces. The behavior is instinctive and done to communicate either with people or other animals around them. It is observed that there are reasons why dogs behave this way. The following are some of these behaviors:   To show affection Dogs are described as man’s best friends. They are emotionally attached to people, especially their owners. They love them. Therefore, to show this affection, they lick your face to express how much they love you and to strengthen the bond they have with you. Try the Happi Doggy Dental Chew Zest Apple to freshens your dog’s breath.   To show respect It may sound strange when someone tells you that animals do respect people. Actually, this is a reality. Your dogs can show how much they respect you by licking your face. This is a demonstration that they recognize you as the dominant pack leader. This same act is done by wild dogs to show that they submit to their pack leader (another dog).   Sign of hunger When dogs are hungry, they do lick their owner’s face into communicating their condition. So, licking time may mean feeding time, showing that they are ready to feed.   To get information There are times we feel down or stressed out and find it difficult to discuss what’s in our minds with anyone. Dogs are naturally gifted to gather information about your feelings using their special receptors in their mouth and nose to process and interpret the molecules (scented) that are in your sweat. With this, they will know if you feel stressed or happy.   For grooming Your dogs may be licking you to make sure you are clean or to groom you. This can be traced to how they clean themselves or littermates by licking.   To enjoy the taste Dogs do find human sweat tasty due to the “salt” therein which they enjoy. So, they may lick your face since they find it pleasurable doing so. Besides, when dogs lick your face, pleasurable endorphins are released which offers them security and comfort. With this, they may continuously crave to behave in this manner.       Is it harmful if my dog licks my face? If the skin is intact (without an open wound), dog saliva is not harmful to both children and adults. Dr. Leni K. Kaplan, a lecturer of community practice service at Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, says “When dog saliva touches intact human skin, especially in a healthy person, the skin absorption to saliva will be very little that will not cause health concerns.”   Potential risks of dogs’ saliva The potential risk of a dog’s saliva can come into the picture when there is an open wound in your skin. The saliva may keep the wound open due to the moisture and then allow bacteria to grow which may result in a potential skin infection. In addition, you should wash and clean your hands after playing with your dogs.   Is it a problem? It shouldn’t be a problem if you take some precautions recommended by experts. These include ensuring that your dog is current on all vaccines, new dogs go through a deworming process, keeping your dogs away from another animal’s feces, and washing your hands with water and soap after playing with your pet (you can add the use of an antibacterial gel or spray on your hands). So, in as much as you do not allow their saliva to get in contact with your open wound, then you’re completely safe from bacteria.       Solutions to my dog licking my face Some individuals don’t like dogs licking them in the face. So, if you belong to this group, there are solutions. There are some things you can do to limit the behavior. These may take time, but you need to be patient. This is because licking is an instinctive behavior of dogs that will require some time to curb. To deal with this situation, you can take the step by adopting the positive reinforcement method to train them. A positive reinforcement method is a great tool that can help shape or change the behavior of your dogs. The reinforcement training includes praising them or rewarding them when they execute a task you assign for them.  
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Clean
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Bad Reactions Of Cats To Flea And Tick Medications
A common question asked by pet owners is “can you overdose a cat on flea or tick treatment? Yes, the possibility of developing adverse reactions to flea and tick medications does exist that is why it is always recommended that cat parents should consult with the veterinarian before using any flea and tick medication on their pets.     Cats are extra-sensitive to the effects of insecticides, particularly flea and tick medications. This can be attributed to the fact that their bodies are inefficient in metabolizing the chemicals that are present in these products. The effects of overexposure can range from mild to severe, depending on the quantity of chemicals a cat is exposed to.   Bad Reactions To Oral And Spot-On Flea And Medications In Cats Sensitivity to the active ingredient or the chemicals in the product Residues of the product cling to their coats and are ingested during grooming Hypothermia – unusually low body temperature Overdosing Ingestion of topical flea and tick medication Failure to follow proper instructions in administration and dosaging Close contact with another pet that was treated with flea and tick medication     Here are the most common flea and tick medications used in cats and how they can possibly cause bad reactions.     Pyrethrin and pyrethroid   Pyrethrin and pyrethroid are common chemicals that are used in tick and flea products. Pyrethrins are extracted from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and other related species to make natural-based insecticides. On the other hand, pyrethroids are synthetic, and have a longer-lasting action.     Negative effects of pyrethrin and pyrethroid use in cats   These chemicals can cause an adverse reaction in the nervous system of cats. It affects the sodium conductance in the nerve axons leading to repetitive nerve discharges. Cats are more sensitive to the effects of pyrethrin and pyrethroid compared to dogs. This can be primarily attributed to the fact that felines have less efficient metabolic pathways. Their grooming habits and long hair coats are also important predisposing factors as these can retain large amounts of topical tick and flea products.     Kittens, senior cats, sick, or debilitated cats are also at higher risk. Cats that are hypothermic (body temperature that is below the normal level) may also develop adverse reactions. Hypothermia can occur after bathing a cat or when a cat is under anesthesia or has been sedated.     Symptoms of pyrethroid toxicity in cats   Between pyrethroids and pyrethrin, cats are extra-sensitive to the pyrethroids. When products containing permethrin are administered on cats, they usually manifest nervous symptoms, such as seizures, muscle tremors, hyperthermia, and incoordination. Death can occur within hours from the onset of toxicity symptoms if medical intervention is not given. Other symptoms that may be manifested by cats include:     Allergies – itching, hives, respiratory distress, shock, death may occur when the cat suffers from anaphylactic shock which is very rare Drooling or hypersalivation Ear twitching Depression Vomiting Diarrhea Paw flicking   Isoxazoline   The most common tick and flea medications that belong to the isoxazoline group include Bravecto, Credelio, Nexgard, and Simparica. These are available as pills, chews or spot-ons. These are mostly used in dogs. Adverse reactions to isoxazoline medications mainly involve the nervous system. Affected animals can develop seizures or have mobility difficulties as they tend to stumble as a result of muscular tremors and lack of muscle control.     The isoxazoline class of medications works by binding to chloride channels that are found in the cells of nerves and muscles. This can block the transmission of nerve impulses, causing the paralysis and eventually death of the parasite. This mechanism also occurs in mammals and some other vertebrates, but the mechanism is more potent in insects. Toxicity in mammals can develop depending on the health, physiological state, and medical history of the animal. The good news is adverse reactions to these flea and tick preparations are very rare.     If your pet is currently receiving any medication belonging to the isoxazoline group, here are important things to keep in mind:     If your pet has not manifested any adverse reactions, such as incoordination, seizures or muscle tremors, you can continue using the drug. If your pet is displaying adverse reactions, stop using the product, and call your veterinarian. If your pet has a history of seizures, you SHOULD consult your veterinarian before using any flea and tick preventative on your pet.   Organophosphates   Organophosphates are common active ingredients in lawn and garden insecticides as well as flea and tick treatments. Overexposure to the product can lead to the manifestation of signs of toxicity. A cat can experience overexposure as a result of product misuse or when several organophosphate products are used at the same time. Organophosphates may be organic in nature, but tick and flea products that contain them are not without potential risks thus it is always important for pet owners to follow directions. Organophosphates can be absorbed rapidly in the body through the lungs, skin, and digestive tract. It interferes with the normal interaction of the nerves and muscles of the body.     Organophosphates work by inhibiting the action of two essential enzymes in the body — cholinesterases and acetylcholinesterase. These enzymes break down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. When this happens, acetylcholine stays attached to the post-synaptic receptors of neurons, and causes continuous, unending transmission of nerve impulses to nervous tissue, muscles, and organs which is externally manifested as seizures and shaking.     Symptoms of organophosphate toxicity   Drooling Digestive upsets — vomiting and diarrhea Difficulty breathing Urination problems Trembling Muscle twitching Pupils are constricted Muscle weakness In severe cases of toxicity, cats can develop seizures or die as a result of overexposure   Carbamates   Carbamate use in cats is generally limited to the flea collars. When buying one for a pet cat, always remember to choose one that is specific for use in cats. Flea collars for dogs may contain higher amounts of the insecticide and can lead to poisoning.     Carbamates cause toxicity in the same manner as organophosphates do; by inhibiting the action of cholinesterase and acetylcholinesterase. An overdose of carbamate insecticide can trigger seizures and respiratory arrest in cats.     Carbamate toxicity can occur as a result of any of the following conditions:     Misuse, overuse, or using several cholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides Overexposure to carbamate-containing insecticides in the immediate environment Intentional application of lawn or garden insecticides on cats   How To Prevent Toxic Reactions Tick and flea products that are indicated only for dogs should never be used in cats. Never use products off label. Do not assume that giving a small amount of dog product is safe for cats. Proper application, including the proper dose and route of administration, can greatly reduce the possibility of adverse reactions Read and follow all the directions that come with the product. Keep the original packaging of the product just in case your pet may exhibit toxicity symptoms. Seek immediate medical attention for your pet at the initial onset of symptoms. If you have a multi-pet household, flea and tick products that are applied to dogs can affect cats or other pets in the household. If you have any concerns, do get in touch with your veterinarian or the animal poison hotline. Do not assume that flea and tick products that look the same are the same. Even if the products are of the same brand, never assume that cat and dog versions contain the same active ingredients. Avoid combining flea or tick treatment products at the same time, like giving your cat a flea bath, using a topical flea product, and letting him wear a flea collar. Treatment Of Flea And Tick Product Poisoning In Cats Veterinary attention should be sought immediately when you notice any sign of an adverse reaction to a flea and tick product. Time is of the essence especially when substantial amounts of the product have been applied and ingested.     Activated charcoal   Activated charcoal is given to help cats eliminate the toxic chemicals from their body.     Bathing the cat with mild dishwashing soap   To prevent the absorption of toxic chemicals through the skin, a cat that has been exposed should be bathe using mild dishwashing soap and dried thoroughly.     Medications   Your veterinarian may choose to give prescription medication to control and/or stop the muscle tremors and seizures.     Fluid therapy   In severe cases, cats may need to be confined in the vet clinic for close monitoring and intravenous administration of fluids and electrolytes. Your cat may have to stay in the hospital for several days until there are no more symptoms and body function is back to normal. While confined, monitoring will include body temperature, blood glucose, kidney function, and other tests that the veterinarian may deem necessary.   Natural alternatives for tick and flea treatment in cats Citrus oil-based sprays that contain limonene or linalool Boron-based products such as disodium octaborate tetrahydrate Diatomaceous earth   These natural treatment alternatives are used on house premises, indoors and outdoors especially during heavy flea infestations. Other popular natural flea repellent alternatives for tick and flea treatment in cats include:     Essential oils — These are never used full-strength on cats. Those that are manufactured for use in cats have already been diluted to safe levels. Popular essential oils for flea treatment in cats include geraniol oil which is extracted from geranium flowers and products that contain Neem extract. There are also natural flea powders that are made of calcium carbonate, geraniol and peppermint which can be safely used on cats and dogs as well as on your carpets, rugs, yard, and other places where flea egg or larvae may be present. Use a flea comb to distribute the powder throughout your pet’s hair coat until it is spread thoroughly on your cat’s skin. An essential-oil based flea repellent shampoo can also be an excellent way to kill fleas.   Natural flea collars — Most flea collars that are available commercially have been treated with chemical pesticides that have been associated with toxic reactions in pets. The good news is there are now natural flea collars that can be used in combination with other flea repellent products as your pet’s line of defense against infestation.   Apple cider vinegar – It isn’t likely to kill fleas but it can repel them from jumping on your pet and biting. Avoid spraying on open wounds. Make a diluted mixture of 2 parts apple cider vinegar to 1 part water.   Cedar chips – Place cedar chips around places where your cat spends most of the time. In heavy infestations, cedar chips can be placed outside your home and surroundings to keep fleas off. Make a natural flea collar by dabbing a drop of cedarwood oil mixed with a drop of alcohol on a bandanna and tie it around pet’s neck.   Rosemary – Air dry rosemary leaves and grind them into a powder. Sprinkle the powder in areas where your kitty sleeps and plays. Rosemary also has anti-inflammatory properties. Boil some leaves in water. When cool, let your pet soak in it for itch relief.   Aloe vera juice — it’s often mixed with cayenne pepper to make a spray solution that is applied to the cat’s hair coat. Avoid getting the solution into your cat’s eyes. The cooling effects of Aloe vera can alleviate itching and soothe sore spots. The white sap or latex of Aloe vera is toxic to cats so be sure to use only the gel.  
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Do Dogs Really Miss You When You’re Gone? Signs They Miss You
Have you ever wondered why your dog gets so excited when you return home? We miss our pets when we’re away. But do our dogs miss us back? Do Our Dogs Miss Us When We’re Away? Yes, dogs do miss us. Dogs are very loyal and faithful companion animals. Science has proven that dogs do miss us, like what we’d always hoped. According to Science Alert, the team of Braincraft found out that the caudate nucleus of dogs’ brains, which is a region associated with positive rewards and expectations, lit up when they smelt a familiar human. To test whether dogs miss their owners, the researchers trained the dogs to lay still in an MRI machine. The dogs were then exposed to five different scents, including their own scent, a familiar and unfamiliar human, and the scent of a familiar and unfamiliar canine. And the result has shown that dogs have favourable reactions to the scent of their owners. Read more: Do Cats Remember Who You Are Dogs have associative memory – when a dog associates a visual cue, smell or sound with a known behaviour or emotion. Your dog, for instance, may associate car key jingling in your pocket with a familiar behaviour of you opening the front door and may start to cry as you get ready to leave the house. They also learn to associate the scent of their humans with positive experiences. As your smell becomes a pleasant aromatic for your dog, that association makes for a strong emotional bond. Your dog’s positive associations with you mean that he’s constantly remembering you – he won’t forget about you! There’s evidence to show that our canine friends remember things the clearest when there are strong emotions attach to the memories. Read more: Things Humans Do That Dogs Dislike Signs That Your Dog Misses You 1. Your dog cries when you leave. Does your dog cry when you leave? Dogs that aren’t happy when their owners leave can make noises trying to let their owners know. Bear in mind that dogs are vocal animals. They tend to use their barking, whining, crying or howling to communicate. When your dog cries when left alone all day, it means that he doesn’t want you to leave the house. Read more: How To Overcome Separation Anxiety Keep your precious furbaby happy and occupied! Get your pet toys at PerroMart SG / PerroMart MY now! 2. Your dog stares at or sits by the door after you leave. Does your dog lie down at the front door until you reach home? If your beloved canine friend plants himself by the door when he’s home alone, it might be his way of trying to get out and see you again. This is because your dog doesn’t want to miss an opportunity to see what you’re doing. 3. Your dog is super excited when you reach home. Most of the dogs are so insanely happy to see their humans come home. They are emotional beings just like us. Like how we greet our family members after coming back home from work, dogs greet their owners with love and wagging tails – and also in the form of licking. Dogs love to be loved. That’s why they are so happy when they are around their humans. 4. Your dog follows you around the house. Our canine friends always have good reasons for following us everywhere! Dogs are social animals and they do enjoy human companionship. Your clingy furbaby will stick to you like glue and will never let you out of his sight when you’re home. Read more: Why Does My Pet Follow Me To The Bathroom 5. Your dog engages in destructive behaviours while you’re away. Some dogs are too attached to their owners and may start acting destructively as soon as their owners start to leave for the day. Barking, chewing the furniture, inappropriate elimination are the common signs of separation anxiety in dogs. Dogs who suffer from separation anxiety may howl or bark all day because they don’t like being left home alone. Read more: 5 Simple Ways To Entertain Your Bored Dog While You’re Away
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Cat Vomiting: Should You Be Worried?
Cat vomiting may be a perfectly normal occurrence from time to time. According to WebMD, a cat usually vomits because she ate something disagreeable, ate too much or played too soon after a meal. However, you need to be aware that cat vomiting can also be a sign of a serious health problem.   Causes Of Cat Vomiting There are common causes of cat vomiting which are non-related to actual cat health problems. They can vomit for a number of harmless reasons! 1. Hairballs Known as trichobezoars, they are caused by a concentration of fur in your cat’s stomach. This is usually nothing to worry about. However, it is better to prevent hairballs from forming as they may cause intestinal blockage. Cats normally manage to get rid of the hairball themselves – by coughing up hairballs. Alternatively, you can buy products which can help the process along. Meanwhile, pet owners are encouraged to brush their cats regularly, especially if their cats have a long coat.   2. Diet: Note that a rapid change in your cat’s diet can lead to vomiting problems. For example, if your car is recently switching from dry-food-only diet to wet food, this could cause her to vomit. This is because something in the new cat food could irritate her stomach. You can try switching back her old food to see if the vomiting stops.   3. Ingesting non-food items/ GI obstructions: Being curious creatures, cats love to play and chew on everything they can find on the ground. When a cat consumes any indigestible substance such as paper or part of a toy, her body rejects the material and it is often vomited up in the form of bile. These objects can become lodged in her throat and she will try to get rid of it by vomiting. If the indigestible object is unable to be vomited up and your cat is vomiting continuously, bring her to the vet imemdiately.   4. Eat too much or eat too quickly: A cat who eats too quickly or swallow their foods without chewing enough may end up puking. Your cat is regurgitating due to having swallowed their food too fast. Meanwhile, some causes of chronic vomiting include Gastritis, Pancreatitis, heartworm infection, kidney failure, liver failure, toxicity gastric or intestinal tumours.   When Is It Time To Visit The Vet What changes should you look out for? If your cat displays any of these symptoms, take her to the vet as soon as possible: 1. Vomiting is continuous 2. Weight loss 3. Change in appetite 4. Change in drinking pattern 5. Change in toilet pattern (eg. diarrhoea or increased frequency of urinating) 6. Worms or blood in the vomit 7. Weakness/lethargy 8. Any other signs of ill health or change in behaviour 9. Any changes in grooming Japanese article: 元気なのに猫が吐く原因とは?日常における対処法
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